Social Contribution Activities (Special topics before 2019)

Publication of the Guidebook for the Color Universal Design–Recommended Color Set

The DIC Group is actively involved in R&D in the area of color universal design (CUD), as well as in expanding public awareness and understanding of CUD’s importance. In 2007, the Group, in cooperation with the Japan Paint Manufacturers Association, the Industrial Research Institute of Ishikawa and the Color Universal Design Organization, embarked on a project to create the Color Universal Design–Recommended Color Set under the supervision of the University of Tokyo. In developing the color set, the organizations conducted repeated verification tests using study participants with various types of color vision to adjust proposed colors, a process that facilitated the creation of a set of colors that are relatively easy to distinguish regardless of ability to see colors and can be reproduced using printing inks, coatings and digital imaging. Taking into account nearly a decade of use, in fiscal year 2018 the project members revised the set’s color values to further enhance usability. The organizations also published a guidebook on effective use of the set and has worked to promote understanding and awareness.
From fiscal year 2015 through fiscal year 2017, the DIC Group participated in a joint industry–academic research project. During this period, Chiba University, the Central Research Laboratories and DIC Color Design, Inc., gave presentations on issues to consider in printing warnings and other important information on packaging and the results of joint research on the color appearance of red spot colors and on the use of color in an aging society at academic conferences in Japan and overseas.
In 2011, DIC began collaborating with the University of Tokyo and architect Kengo Kuma to develop new tactile paving that ensures high visibility for visually impaired individuals and is in harmony with the landscape. In fiscal year 2018, two new color options (a warm orangey yellow and a cool yellowish green) were introduced for the new paving. The cool yellowish green was adopted for use in the first-floor atrium of JR Yokohama Tower, which opened in 2019, a functionally beautiful choice that harmonizes well with the atrium’s modern design. Dark lines have been placed on both sides of the space’s tactile paving to realize a high luminance contrast to adjoining surfaces, ensuring they can be easily detected and effectively used.
In another key initiative in fiscal year 2018, DIC took part in project to revise the Japan Industrial Standards (JIS) standard for safety colors (JIS Z 9103) with the goal of choosing colors that can be distinguished by people with diverse color vision. As a member of the original drafting committee, DIC was involved in setting recommended CMYK values for process printing, which had not previously been provided. The Company continues to cooperate in initiatives aimed at promoting awareness. Beginning in 2019, DIC is participating as an expert in the field of color in the verification of safety-related color schemes for applications such as disaster prevention information.
Used extensively in signage and infrastructure, CUD is playing an increasingly important role in everyday life. The broader application of CUD is also expected to enhance safety and convenience.

Industrial Waste Discharged by the Global DIC Group in Fiscal Year 2018

JR Yokohama Tower first-floor atrium
Owner: JR East Railway Company
Architects/supervision: JR East Design Corporation
Photograph: JR East

Visiting Science Lab Program

In line with the Japanese government’s efforts to promote career education initiatives, as well as to help curb a decline in the popularity of science among children, DIC and DIC Graphics conduct visiting science labs at public elementary schools. Through this program, the Group seeks to spark children’s interest in science and encourage them to realize the close relationship between science and their everyday lives. Designed with the aim of making science fun for children and helping them understand how the study of science benefits society, the lab entails experiments in synthesizing pigments and planographic printing, that is, printing from a flat surface. Since launching this initiative in 2010, the two companies have provided classes at 42 elementary schools for approximately 3,300 sixth graders.
In fiscal year 2019, the DIC Group also conducted a visiting science lab for elementary school students as part of the Tohoku University Graduate School of Engineering’s Science Campus project. The lab was well received by both participating children and their parents. The Group pledges to continue offering visiting science labs in the years ahead.

Visiting science lab

Visiting science lab

COMMENT

This is an initiative that makes one aware of the satisfaction of being a leader in the advancement of society through chemistry.

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering and Vice-Director, Innovation Plaza, School of Engineering, Tohoku University Hajime Nakamura

Engineers and researchers from various companies serve as instructors for hands-on classes conducted as part of the Tohoku University Graduate School of Engineering’s Science Campus program, an initiative that seeks to provide children with an opportunity to gain an understanding of craftsmanship, which plays an important role in everyday life, as well as to actually experience manufacturing and conduct experiments closely linked to the latest scientific and technological advances.
In addition to fueling children’s interest in manufacturing, and in science and technology, this initiative seeks to cultivate a new generation of engineering talent by enabling them to interact directly with individuals in related fields, giving them an idea of the career paths available to them in the future. We believe it is important to provide children with stimulation in various forms, and the DIC visiting science lab was particularly valuable in that regard. We also received positive comments from parents. One expressed that the lab had given children a renewed appreciation of the role of chemistry in their everyday lives, while another felt that encouraging children to see chemistry as something familiar would make them like science better. Yet another commented that experiencing the power of chemistry to add color and enrich life would encourage children to see it as something they would like to do professionally in the future.

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering and Vice-Director, Innovation Plaza, School of Engineering, Tohoku University Hajime Nakamura

Initiatives Led by the Central Research Laboratories

DIC’s Central Research Laboratories supports education by offering a variety of programs for local high schools that leverage DIC’s unique capabilities. In July 2019, the Central Research Laboratories participated in the Chiba Science High School Festival, organized by high schools in Chiba Prefecture that have earned the Super Science High School* designation, with the aim of fostering students’ interest in science, and in December 2019 invited students from Seishin Gakuen High School, a Super Science High School in Ibaraki Prefecture, to take part in a lecture on the use of using testing equipment to evaluate and analyze chemical substances. In July 2019, the facility also dispatched young researchers to conduct summer vacation mini lectures at the request of a local elementary school and welcomed students from Makuhari Junior High School to participate in a practical science lab, while the following month it conducted an experiment in pigment extraction using Spirulina as part of a visiting lab lesson for elementary school children offered as a component of the Chiba Prefectural Education Agency’s Dream Challenge Hands-On School and invited students from Chiba Prefectural Sakura High School to take part in a fashion design workshop. In addition to experiments, each of these events allocated time for the young employees who served as instructors to talk about how they became interested in science and the challenges and rewards of research, thus enabling them to contribute to career education as well as to help students enjoy science.

  • “Super Science High School” is a d esignation awarded by Japan’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to senior high schools that implement curricula focused on the sciences and mathematics that goes beyond the Ministry’s official guidelines with the aim of fostering the next generation of talented engineers and scientists.

Initiatives Led by the Kashima Plant

In December 2019, DIC’s Kashima Plant, in Ibaraki Prefecture, conducted a visiting science lab at local Super Science High School* Seishin Gakuen’s Super Seminar, a social contribution initiative that also involved three other companies with operations in Kashima as well as Juntendo University. The lab featured a presentation titled “Learning About the Colors Around Us,” which covered such topics as the properties of color and light, products that leverage these properties, the names given to colors, primary colors and examples of pigment synthesis. The lab also included an experiment in extracting the natural blue pigment from Spirulina. A total of 74 students participated in the lab. The Kashima Plant will continue to take part in initiatives designed to communicate the joy of chemistry to students at schools in its community.

  • “Super Science High School” is a designation awarded by Japan’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) to senior high schools that implement curricula focused on the sciences and mathematics that goes beyond the Ministry’s official guidelines with the aim of fostering the next generation of talented engineers and scientists.

Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art

The Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art, located adjacent to the Central Research Laboratories in Sakura, Chiba Prefecture, was established in 1990 to publicly exhibit works of art collected by DIC Corporation and its affiliates. In 2020, the museum is celebrating its 30th anniversary. As of December 2019, cumulative visitors to the museum had surpassed 2.47 million. DIC views operation of the museum, which assumed its current name in 2011, as a social contribution initiative that the DIC Group is uniquely positioned to undertake as an organization intrinsically involved in color. The museum’s extensive collection spans numerous genres, encompassing works by Rembrandt; Impressionists such as Monet and Renoir; modern European artists such as Picasso and Chagall; early modern, modern and postwar Japanese artists; and luminaries of late-20th century American art, including Mark Rothko, Cy Twombly and Frank Stella. In addition to a standing exhibit from its permanent collection of more than 1,000 major works, the museum stages special exhibitions several times a year that focus on pertinent literary works and other artifacts that evoke the cultural atmosphere at the time works were created to help visitors better understand the collection. The museum also offers free-of-charge guided tours every afternoon beginning at 2:00 pm.
Another appealing aspect of the museum is its location on a lushly forested 30-hectare site alive with seasonal flowers and foliage that has been open to the public since the museum’s establishment. A total of 250 cherry trees—10 varieties in total—blossom every spring while in summer wildflowers of all colors bloom profusely. Other highlights include the lotus pond at the back of the garden, which was expanded in 2016, and the wooded nature trail that traverses the site.
In a move aimed at promoting relations with the local community and fostering local cultural activities, the Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art has established an annex gallery on the museum site that serves as an exhibition space for local amateur artists and is also made available to elementary and junior and senior high schools in the Sakura area for an exhibition of local students’ works. The museum was also the first in Japan to introduce interactive methods originated by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York for teaching children. To date, a total of 160 schools and more than 10,000 children have taken part in the museum’s educational programs, which are offered to entire classes led by elementary or junior high school teachers.
In the future, the museum will continue to hold exhibitions associated with the collection and promote social contribution activities with an awareness of communication with the local community.

Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art

Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art

Outdoor terrace

Outdoor terrace

Museum entrance hall

Museum entrance hall

Social Contribution Initiatives by Overseas Group Companies

Initiatives at PT. DIC Graphics

Indonesian subsidiary PT. DIC Graphics, which is engaged in the manufacture and sale of printing inks and organic pigments, promotes active social contribution initiatives in its community related to education and health. In line with its policy of providing general support for education, in fiscal year 2018 the company donated 50 desks and 100 chairs to Angat Tiga Elementary School. Concurrently, the company extended financial support to students by introducing scholarships, as well as established internships for students of vocational schools in the vicinity of its production facility. The company also provided milk to neighboring schools to support the health of local residents. In fiscal year 2019, the company sought to contribute to the creation of an infrastructure for the maintenance of community health by building public bathhouses equipped with showers and toilet facilities.

Initiatives at DIC India

In India, education is the focus of social contribution initiatives by DIC India Ltd., which manufactures and sells printing inks. With the aim of helping increase the practical knowledge of young engineers and engineering students seeking to become chemical engineers, in fiscal year 2019 the company held training on themes such as “the impact of various vegetable oils on varnish and inks” and “using rheometers to conduct research into the rheological performance of inks” for students of prominent engineering institutes and universities in Koltaka and Inoda.

DIC India’s headquarters

Matching Gift Program

DIC has a matching gift program whereby it matches the total amount collected through an annual year-end fundraising drive spearheaded by its employees’ union. Funds raised through the 2019 drive and matching gift program were donated to 23 children’s homes and facilities providing support for disabled individuals.

Contributing to Efforts to Address the COVID-19 Pandemic

In light of a critical shortage of masks at healthcare facilities in Japan as a result of the rapid spread of COVID-19 in Japan, DIC contributed 10,000 high-performance masks from its stockpile to such facilities, comprising 5,000 N95 masks, which were donated through the Keidanren (Japan Business Federation) to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, which distributed the masks to prefectures, and 5,000 ostrich antibody masks*, which were donated to healthcare facilities suffering particularly desperate shortages. DIC also resolved to provide approximately 7,000 bottles of Linagreen® 21 Extract K1, a nutritional drink manufactured by a DIC Group company, to support the health of front-line medical professionals working to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and treat patients with the disease. This easy-to-consume drink is made by combining Spirulina extract, which is derived from the edible blue-green algae using proprietary technology, with propolis, ginseng and echinacea extract, and fortifying the mixture with water-soluble vitamins. Going forward, DIC will continue to provide support for efforts to contain COVID-19 as well as its regular social contribution initiatives with the goal of ensuring that DIC remains a company that is loved and respected worldwide.

  • Ostrich antibody masks are nonwoven masks that use f ilters that have been impregnated with antibodies from ostriches, which are highly resistant to viral infections. The ostrich antibodies bind to and neutralize viruses that come into contact with the masks, as a result of which they are significantly more effective than ordinary masks in protecting wearers against viruses.
linagreen

Linagreen® 21 Extract K1

Capitalizing on Business Opportunities Yielded by Recycling Initiatives

In addition to manufacturing and selling a broad range of molded plastic products in line with its ultimate objective, which is to protect lives, Group company DIC Plastics, Inc., in Japan, is an active proponent of environment-friendly business practices, particularly material recycling*1. Among the company’s noteworthy achievements is its development of a system for sorting waste plastic generated during the manufacture of original products by type and color, which greatly assists with recovery. This has enabled the company to diversify its lineup of products made with recycled plastics, increasing the volume of such materials it uses and adding value to the products in which they are used.
DIC Plastics also promotes recycling by purchasing recycled plastics from reclaimers, which it uses in the manufacture of its mainstay plastic helmets and other products.
One of the most recent additions to DIC Plastics’ product portfolio is the IZANO professional helmet for disaster situations. In addition to offering superb safety, the IZANO helmet can be folded to approximately 60% of its full size. These features, plus the extensive range of colors available, earned IZANO an award in the 2014 Good Design Awards*2, sponsored by the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.

Products made from recycled plastic bottle caps

Products made from recycled plastic bottle caps

  • Material recycling involves the recycling of material from an original application but in a different form.
  • Operated by the Japan Institute of Design PromotColor Universal Design in interiors and signs in a sports clubion, the Good Design Awards is a commendation program that annually recognizes products that represent superb achievements in design.

Highlights of Social Contribution Activities
Color Universal Design in interiors and signs in a sports club

Based on the management vision: “Color & Comfort by Chemistry,” Ethe DIC Group takes initiatives in Color Universal Design (UD). DIC Color Design Inc. provided color supervision upon the redesigning of the “Sports Club Renaissance, Makuhari,” which is the original branch of RENAISSANCE INC. that runs sports clubs throughout Japan. DIC Color Design Inc. utilized the color investigation that was conducted in existing branches prior to the redesigning from the perspective of UD. You can see innovations in colors in the interior and signs, etc. that enable the Renaissance facility users to enjoy sports with a sense of security. Considerations for colors are given in a number of places, including steps in stairs and rails using colors that are

Exterior of Renaissance, Makuhar

Exterior of Renaissance, Makuhar

Passage within the facility

Passage within the facility

COMMENT

Facility development with the aim of achieving security and safety of users

RENAISSANCE INC. Facility Development Department Ms. Itsuwa Hosaka

The Makuhari branch is the first branch of Renaissance and is a facility that we have special feeling toward this branch. Upon the redesigning, we strived for a facility that can be a model case in all perspectives, such as contributions to society and environmental considerations, etc., in addition to enhancing equipment and items. Especially, the Makuhari branch is rooted in the community, and many elderly people also utilize our facility. Through this effort, we have learned that there were actually people who would have difficulties with the colors that we would otherwise have not paid attention to. In addition, we have truly learned the importance of not only producing a unified image in color design but also using color schemes that correctly communicate necessary information by considering the functionality of the facility and safety of users. We hope to widely spread this experience in the company and utilize it in the future facility development.

RENAISSANCE INC. Facility Development Department Ms. Itsuwa Hosaka

Spirulina: Promoting Harmony With Society

The DIC Group is the world’s largest supplier of Spirulina, a cyanobacteria rich in more than 50 nutrients, including vitamins, minerals and essential amino acids. In line with a support agreement concluded in 2009 with the Alliance Forum Foundation (AFF), a Japan-based NPO, the Group provides assistance to the Spirulina Project, an AFF initiative that seeks to alleviate hunger and improve nutrition in the Republic of Zambia.
In June 2012, with the purpose of contributing to the well-being of the people of Zambia, we implemented a project to assess the impact of Spirulina on human health. This project verifed a reduced incidence of malnutrition among children who regularly consumed Spirulina. Encouraged by these findings, the DIC Group and the AFF conducted production and technological feasibility studies in Zambia with the aim of facilitating local cultivation of Spirulina for local consumption, and in 2014 commenced pilot production. In fscal year 2015, the DIC Group and the AFF will again conduct tests to measure the effectiveness of Spirulina, expanding the scope of testing to several hundred individuals. DIC support it by the donation of bulk powdered Spirulina. Currently, the Group also provides production and technological support through assistance with selecting locations for cultivation and providing information on raw materials.
The DIC Group is also engaged in a variety of other initiatives designed to promote the nutritional value of Spirulina. In fscal year 2014, these included a nutritional education program for private elementary schools in Tokyo’s Itabashi Ward.

Children in Zambia having lunch

Children in Zambia having lunch

Highlights of Social Contribution Activities
Initiatives Toward Color Coordination that is Harmonious with Landscape

Development and Evaluation of New Tactile Paving Aimed at Low-vision People The DIC Group promotes the development of colors and color combinations that can be recognized equally by as many people as possible.
Tactile pavement that indicate safe walking paths are considered ideal to have a clear contrast with the road by using highly visible yellow color. However, urban landscape designers often feel the color too vivid that does not harmonize with the surrounding environment. Therefore, it is required to develop guide blocks that simultaneously fulfill safety and aesthetical requirements.
Associate Professor Kei Ito of the Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences at the University of Tokyo has been attempting to use two different colors for guide blocks as a countermeasure to this issue. By using low intensity color for the base part and pale yellow for the protrusions, the new blocks would not violate the landscape while securing both visibility and sign property For the project, DIC Color Design proposed color schemes that simultaneously achieve functionality and harmony with surrounding environments and cooperated in color selections for the prototype samples. We have been repeating evaluation experiments by trial subjects and promoting the project for practical usage.

Braille Guide Blocks

Braille Guide Blocks

Career Education Activities

In recent years, the educational field is strongly required to participate in corporate career education activities. DIC focuses on career education in a wide scope, including accepting interns from colleges of technology in plants throughout Japan, accepting workplace experience, practical training, and tours from nearby schools in the Chiba Plant, Hokuriku Plant, Kashima Plant, Komaki Plant, and Saitama Plant, etc. providing lab lessons in municipal elementary schools in the Itabashi Ward and Matsudo by Tokyo plant and headquarters, providing educational support classes to Chiba Prefectural Sakura High School and Sakurahigashi High School close to the DIC Central Research Laboratory, and visits by Chairman Sugie throughout Japan to give classes as part of Japan Association of Corporate Executives activities, etc. Children learn the significance of working and the fact that their studies lead to social lives by learning various ways of living and a sense of values by communicating with many different adults. DIC will continue to provide career education opportunities to children who will lead the future.

COMMENT

Promoting career education that arouses intellectual curiosity and inquisitive minds

Chiba Prefectural Sakura High School Vice-Principal Mr. Kazuomi Koshiba

The DIC Central Research Laboratory has raised educational support in the CSR policy and has also been supporting “Sakura Academia,” which is a cultural class that started in 2011 in our school. In this class, students visit laboratories to hear lectures by leading researchers with the aim of not only arousing students’ intellectual curiosity and inquisitive minds but also encouraging them to strive to realize themselves and have career awareness. In 2013, our school was specified as a super science school (SSH) by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology with the aim of developing human resources in the scientific technology field. Upon this, DIC dispatched an operational mentor as a representative of a local company. We are always deeply appreciative of DIC’s stance to proactively contribute to the local educational industry through the scientific technology field.

Chiba Prefectural Sakura High School Vice-Principal Mr. Kazuomi Koshiba

Proactively Supporting the Next Generation Development from Working Experience for Junior High School Students to Training Cooperation for Teachers

Each plant in the DIC Group holds opportunities that enable young people who will lead the next generation to experience working in order to acquire career or working views and proactively hosts internship students, etc. “Saitama Plant”(Ina City, Saitama)that manufactures UV paint, LC materials, and adhesive films, etc. cooperates with the “Social Experience Challenge”, which is planned by the board of education, and continually holds working experience opportunities for 7th and 8th grade students. In 2011, the plant held 4 opportunities and 12 junior high school students participated from the community. They commuted to the Saitama Plant for 3 days at a time and experienced light work, such as inspections of products, packaging, etc. They presented what they learned through work and exchanges with employees at school.
These efforts are also promoted in Chiba Plant and Komaki Plant (Aichi)are highly regarded by the local communities.

Local Junior High School Students Experiencing Work

Local Junior High School Students Experiencing Work

COMMENT

Backup is Provided through Cooperation of Each Department with the Focus on Safety

Saitama Plant General Affairs Group Chiharu Nakanishi

Saitama Plant has been hosting working experience opportunities since approximately 10 years ago. First, we communicate safety cautions to children, and each department decides the work contents in cooperation with each other. Seeing papers with honest opinions, such as “I’ve learned the difficulty of the society” and “I’ve experienced the importance of people’s considerations as well as organization”, etc. after the experience and hearing voices of different departments, such as “Thanks to them, we’ve made a good progress in work”, etc., make us happy. In 2011, teachers also cooperated with the training to learn local industries and accepted plant tours. I think it is very beneficial for others to learn the technologies and manufacturing of DIC through such opportunities.

Saitama Plant General Affairs Group Chiharu Nakanishi

Support for Persons with Intellectual Handicaps

“Huiling” is an NGO that was established in 1990 by a Chinese national and supports persons with intellectual handicaps. It promotes its activities in 8 locations in China. DIC Co., Ltd. (Guangzhou)observed various activities of Huiling Guangzhou, deepened the understanding, and supported the philosophy. The company has appealed for donations from both employees and the company.
In addition, 86 employees/family members participated in the charity jogging, which was held in the “Oriental Resort Guangzhou” in Báiyún area, Guangzhou, and held social exchanges with persons with intellectual handicaps in May,2011.

Charity Jogging Held in Guangzhou

Charity Jogging Held in Guangzhou

Support for Disaster-Hit Areas

DIC currently donates funds to assist reconstruction in areas devastated by the April 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake though participation in the IPPO IPPO NIPPON project, an initiative organized for this purpose Earthquake by Keizai Doyukai (Japan Association of Corporate Executives).

Mangrove Plantation Project

DIC(Malaysia)Sdn. Bhd. approved of the mangrove plantation project in the Telok Gong, Pelabuhan Klang, Selangor, Malaysia held by the Red Crescent Selangor on May 8, 2011, and donated money to fund the activity and joined the project.
The purpose of the project is to reduce environmental destruction by showing the way how to solve environmental problems to the local community as well as the participants through the activity of mangrove plantation. Ten employees of DIC took part as volunteers on the day and planted mangrove seedlings under the instruction of experts.

Mangrove Plantation Project

Mangrove Plantation Project

Initiatives Aimed at Areas around Our Plants

As part of its Responsible Care activities, the Japan Chemical Industry Association's RC Committee has organized town hall meetings across the country to strengthen communication with people locally.
In February 2011, The DIC Komaki plant organized the 5th Responsible Care Aichi Regional Town Hall Meeting at the Komaki Kinro Center, where it presented its Responsible Care initiatives to local citizens. Its presentations covered mainly safety (passing on techniques through K-SHOW)*2 and eco-friendly products, also providing reports on matters such as energy conservation, industrial waste reduction, and local support activities(Oyamagawa cleanup). The DIC Komaki plant focused especially on discussion of its production and development of environmentally conscious products such as lightweight PPS for cars, low-VOC-emission printing ink, and decorative sheets for de-plating products**1. The plant also talked about the various problems it has related to the environment. After the meeting, the plant made time to answer questions from local citizens and strengthen mutual understanding.

  • Passing on technique through K-SHOW: passing on techniques through training, using video to explain.
Initiatives Aimed at Areas around Our Plants

Initiatives Aimed at Areas around Our Plants

Regional Clean-Up Activities and Others

To help preserve and beautify the regional environment, the DIC Group has been conducting clean-up activities in places such as neighboring roads in various regions. At the plant in Konan City, Shiga Prefecture, employees take part in clean-up day activities such as "Lake Biwa Day" and "Environment Beautification Day" organized by Shiga Prefecture every year. The Komaki Plant in Aichi Prefecture positively engages in volunteer activities such as "Oyama River Clean-up Activities." Moreover, part of the sports facilities in our plants are open to local citizens, and festivals are held by inviting local citizens for realizing a better relationship with local communities.

Employees of the Shiga Plant engaged in a clean-up

Employees of the Shiga Plant engaged in a clean-up

Employees of the Komaki Plant serving as clean-up volunteers

Employees of the Komaki Plant serving as clean-up volunteers